Newborn Health

Each year, 2.8 million infants around the world do not survive their first month of life, and one million do not even survive their first 24 hours.

The primary causes of these newborn deaths include problems arising from premature birth, complications during labor and delivery, and newborn infections.1 Up to two-thirds of newborn deaths could be prevented if key health interventions were provided at birth and during the first week of life.2 Most of these deaths occur in developing countries, where only 13 percent of infants receive postnatal care in the first 24 hours after birth.3

USAID’s Health Research Program improves the chances of newborns surviving to one month by increasing access to well-known, cost-effective practices that have been proven to save lives. Community-based approaches empower families to care for newborns with simple preventative actions. These approaches link communities to facilities, strengthen health systems, train health providers, and improve the quality of care in health facilities. One area the  Health Research Program is focusing on is management of Possible Serious Bacterial Infections (PSBI) or newborn sepsis, when referral is not possible.

 

To learn more about how the Health Research Program works to reduce newborn mortality please visit our project pages. You can also learn more about USAID’s overall efforts to improve newborn health here.

References:

1USAID: Newborn Health
2
Save the Children: Ending Newborn Deaths
3WHO: Newborns: Reducing mortality
4
Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, et. al. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2000-13, with projections to inform post-2015 priorities: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet. 2015 Jan 31;385(9966):430-40. Figure 1 Source: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/child/mortality/en/